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How To Grow Peonies

Peonies are the true showstoppers of the early summer garden with their big and blowsy, beautifully fragranced blooms.

The large single or double flowers, appear in a gorgeous array of shades - white, pink, yellow, coral, and red, in May and June - they may be short-lived, but are eagerly anticipated each spring and plants become noticeably larger and more floriferous during the first few years. Some Peony plants can live for over 100 years.

Peonies are easy to grow and low maintenance.

There are three different types of Peonies, all of which are perennial – herbaceous peonies which die back each winter, tree peonies which are shrubby, woody plants, and intersectional (known as Itoh) hybrids which are a mix of the two and produce the largest of blooms.

Key Information

Position: Full sun, with shelter from strong winds

Soil: Moist but well-drained and fertile

Flowering Period: May and June

Hardiness: Hardy perennial

Where & When to Plant Peonies

Peonies can be planted as bare roots or plants at any time of the year. We recommend autumn as the ideal time to plant when the plant is dormant. Roots will establish during autumn and winter before the foliage emerges in spring.

Find a bright spot for your plant as Peonies thrive in full sun, ideally a space which receives at least 6 hours of sunshine. Some plants will tolerate a little shade but will not bloom as well as those which are sun-baked.

All peonies prefer fertile, well-drained soil but are not fussy on soil type. Most plants reach between 80-90cm tall and 60-80cm wide, so bear this in mind when planting next to your other plants and space them at least 1 metre apart.

How To Plant Peonies


Dig a hole twice as wide as your plant and add a generous layer of organic matter to the bottom to get your plant off to a good start - homemade compost, well-rotted cow or horse manure or chicken-manure pellets are all perfect.


Loosen the roots of the potted or bare-root plant before placing in the hole with the crown slightly above the surface of your soil.


Peonies do not like to be planted too deeply.


Back fill the edges with soil and firm carefully around the base of the plant before watering in well.

What To Plant With Peonies

Peonies are impressive and flamboyant when in full bloom and fit well into both contemporary and traditional planting schemes. Due to their short flowering window, gardeners often choose to plant several different varieties which have slightly different flowering times.

Please contact our friendly Customer Care Team at Hayloft if you would like any help or planting ideas for your Peonies. Below are a few suggestions for some complimentary companions for these wonderful plants.




How To Care For Peonies

 Pruning & Deadheading


Try to avoid cutting the beautiful flowers for the first 3 years by which time, your plants will be much larger and well established. If you cannot resist, then try to cut as short a stem as possible, leaving at least 2 sets of leaves on the plant as this is essential for photosynthesis.

Peony flowers emerge from perfectly round buds which are bullet hard to begin with. If picking the flowers from more mature plants for floral arrangements, try to cut when the buds are marshmallow-soft and they will last longest in the vase, often for over a week.



Peonies require little maintenance once they are established. The application of a thin mulch in early spring before the foliage emerges, no more than 5cm deep, or a sprinkle of bonemeal will be all the feeding necessary to produce a glorious show of blooms.

 Cold Protection


Peonies usually flower for around 3 weeks in May and June and once the petals have dropped, the seed-heads can be removed to allow your plant to concentrate on storing energy for next year. Allow the foliage of herbaceous Peonies to die back naturally over summer and autumn, the colours of the leaves can be quite beautiful. Remove the foliage when it is brown in late autumn to winter by cutting stems right back to the base of the plant.

 Pests & Diseases


You may notice ants crawling on the buds as they ripen. Do not remove or knock them off - they are completely harmless to your Peonies and will be feeding from the sticky glue-like sap on the buds which helps them to open.

How To Propagate Peonies

Firstly, ensure you have cut back all of the foliage and stems. Next, loosen the soil around the plant with a garden fork, taking care not to damage the crown and knock off next years precious buds.


Mint can also be propagated via root cuttings in autumn. Fill a seed tray with multipurpose compost mixed with a handful of grit. Expose the thick pinky-purple roots of your established plant near the surface of the soil, known as stolons or runners with a hand fork.


Gently lift the plant from the ground and wash as much of the soil from it as you can so that the eyes (small pink or red buds on the crown) are visible. These will form next year’s stems and flowers.


Using a sharp knife, split the plant into pieces which each have at least 3 eyes and plenty of roots and plant each section in its new spot in the garden, or in a pot of multipurpose compost.


Tree peonies should not be divided. Instead, they can be propagated by layering. This is done by bending a flexible new stem which is close to the ground, down into the soil. Cover the stem with a thick layer of soil and it will develop roots and new stems. Once these have established which can take 2-3 years, you can snip the original stem from the parent plant and replant in a pot, or new area of your garden to grow on.

Common Peony Questions

How long do freesias take to germinate?

It should take Freesia bulbs 2-3 weeks to germinate, sometimes a little longer if they are too cold.

Can you grow freesias indoors?

For growing Freesias indoors, corms can be planted between August and December to flower January- April. Alternatively, you can plant your corms in October to flower in March for roughly four weeks, sometimes a little longer if they are kept cool and well-watered. Compost should be a mix of 1 part sand, 1 part grit and 2 parts compost for best results.

Are freesias hard to grow?

Freesias can sometimes be a little tricky to get going. They typically require a cool period of 5®C for 3 to 4 weeks in a frost-free spot to break their dormancy. After that, it is best to keep them in a cool greenhouse for the winter where temperatures should average between 10®C and 15®C.

Try to give them as much light as possible to ensure the leaves and flower stalks do not become soft and spindly. Compost should be a mix of 1 part sand, 1 part grit and 2 parts compost for best results.

If, for any reason you are not delighted with your purchase, just return it to us within 21 days.

We promise to exchange the item or return the price you paid for the item in full. This is in addition to your statutory rights.

Hayloft Plants will not agree to refunding the costs of returning the parcel to us.

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