Position – Full sun
Soil – Well-drained
Flowering Period – Spring to Autumn
Hardiness – Hardy
Euphorbia are annuals, perennials, shrubs or succulents that can be grown outdoors or as a houseplant. There are many intriguing varieties, although most showcase a copious amount of small hooded flowers with often colourful bracts from spring through to autumn. Euphorbia are certain to attract the attention of passers-by with their unique and striking appearance. They are best suited to flower beds and borders within cottage and informal garden settings. You should expect to see Euphorbia grow to an approximate height and spread of 40-60cm (16-24”). Please take care when handling Euphorbia, as they are highly toxic if ingested into your system and can cause irritation to the skin.
Euphorbia are best planted in well-drained soil of loam, sand and chalk within an acidic, alkaline and neutral PH balance. You should place Euphorbia in the ground at a depth that is compatible with their size, spacing each plant approximately 30cm (12”) apart. You may need to allow more space between larger varieties. Euphorbia are best positioned in a sheltered area of full sun as this will typically keep roots cool and free from risk of burning.
During active growth, Euphorbia will require weekly watering if conditions are dry – this should be increased during periods of drought. If the soil is still moist, you may not need additional water as overwatering will cause detriment to this plant. It is recommended that you fertilise plants regularly during spring and summer – approximately every 2 to 3 weeks.
It is possible to propagate Euphorbia by division during early spring or by basal cuttings during spring or early summer. You should dip cut surfaces in charcoal or lukewarm water as this will prevent any bleeding.
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